E-ISSN 2980-2156
Formerly
Erciyes Medical Journal
Volume : 45 Issue : 6 Year : 2023
Diagnostic Accuracy of Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology of Thyroid Nodules and Seven Years of Experience [J Clin Pract Res]
J Clin Pract Res. 2023; 45(2): 182-189 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2023.57267

Diagnostic Accuracy of Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology of Thyroid Nodules and Seven Years of Experience

Selma Erdoğan Düzcü1, Nur Tunç Karabekiroğlu1, Hesna Müzeyyen Astarcı2, Seyit Ali Kayıs3
1Department of Pathology, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Medical School, Bolu, Türkiye
2Department of Pathology, Lokman Hekim University, Medical School, Ankara, Türkiye
3Department of Biostatistics and Medical İnformatics, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Faculty of Medicine, Bolu, Türkiye

Objective: Thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology is a dependable, effective method of detecting thyroid nodules. This study aims to assess the diagnostic distribution of thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology, compare it to postoperative histological tissue diagnoses, and explore its diagnostic compatibility with published data.
Materials and Methods: This single-center retrospective descriptive study included 172 cases diagnosed histopathologically out of the 1675 thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology procedures performed in the Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Fac-ulty of Medicine, Department of Medical Pathology, between 2014 and 2020. The study examined the correlation between cytological and histopathological diagnoses.
Results: Of the 172 cases, 132 were female (76.74%), and 40 were male (23.26%). The participants ranged in age from 14 to 79, with a mean age of 49.23±11.83. Fine-needle aspiration cytology results were compared to tissue diagnoses. The method’s sensitivity was 61.29%, its specificity was 96.00%, its negative predictive value was 80.00%, its positive predictive value was 90.48%, and its diagnostic efficiency was 82.72%.
Conclusion: In our study, the sensitivity and specificity values of cytology were high. Fine-needle aspiration cytology had limited diagnostic contributions in diagnosing papillary microcarcinoma and follicular lesions. In addition to increasing cy-topathology experience to improve diagnostic compliance, we believe evaluating patients with clinical and radiological find-ings will better benefit patient treatment.

Keywords: Thyroid nodule, fine-needle aspiration cytology, histopathology, sensitivity, specificity.

Selma Erdoğan Düzcü, Nur Tunç Karabekiroğlu, Hesna Müzeyyen Astarcı, Seyit Ali Kayıs. Diagnostic Accuracy of Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology of Thyroid Nodules and Seven Years of Experience. J Clin Pract Res. 2023; 45(2): 182-189

Corresponding Author: Selma Erdoğan Düzcü, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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