E-ISSN 2980-2156
Formerly
Erciyes Medical Journal
Volume : 45 Issue : 6
Erciyes Medical Journal Earthquake in Türkiye: Impact on Health Services and Infection Threats [J Clin Pract Res]
J Clin Pract Res. 2023; 45(6): 549-557 | DOI: 10.14744/cpr.2023.59244

Earthquake in Türkiye: Impact on Health Services and Infection Threats

Yavuz Orak1, Filiz Orak2, Safiye Göçer3, Mehmet Doğanay4
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye
2Department of Microbiology, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye
3Department of Microbiology, Lokman Hekim University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye
4Department of Infectious Diseases, Lokman Hekim University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye

On February 6, 2023, Türkiye experienced two significant earthquakes with magnitudes 7.7 Mw and 7.6 Mw at 04: 17 Türkiye Standard Time (TRT) (01: 17 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)) and 13: 24 TRT (10: 24 UTC), respectively, centered in Kahramanmaraş. The study aims to review the immediate aftermath of these earthquakes, their impact on health services, and the potential threats of infection due to these catastrophic events in Türkiye. Eleven provinces in the southeastern region of Türkiye, as well as areas in the northwestern region of Syria, suffered severe damage. Aftershocks continue, though with decreasing intensity. Thousands of structures, including crucial infrastructure, were destroyed. Approximately 15 million people in Türkiye and 10.87 million people in Syria were severely affected. About 200.000 people were injured, and more than 50.000 people died due to the earthquakes. Roughly 500.000 people fled from the earthquake-affected region to western cities. The rescue operations were completed within two weeks. The earthquake and its aftershocks, compounded by winter conditions, left thousands of people homeless in the region. Intensive efforts were initiated to address the health care, medicine, shelter, nutrition, sanitation, and other needs of the earthquake victims. In the upcoming days, earthquake survivors may face significant risks of infections, including airborne, food-borne, and water-borne infections, as well as nosocomial infections from resistant bacteria and parasitic infections. Identifying the risk factors that underlie the emergence and transmission of communicable diseases can enhance the development and implementation of more effective preventive measures. Currently, safety, security, mitigation, and infection control activities are essential to help restore daily life in the region.

Keywords: Türkiye, earthquake, infections, biosecurity.

Yavuz Orak, Filiz Orak, Safiye Göçer, Mehmet Doğanay. Earthquake in Türkiye: Impact on Health Services and Infection Threats. J Clin Pract Res. 2023; 45(6): 549-557

Corresponding Author: Filiz Orak, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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