Objective: This study aims to determine the factors affecting the perception levels of operating room (OR) nurses and nurse anesthetists working in the OR regarding patient safety attitudes.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted using face-to-face interviews with 117 healthcare professionals working as OR nurses (n=60) and nurse anesthetists (n=57). The patient safety attitude questionnaire (SAQ), where the reliability analysis was also performed for the SAQ scale. and sociodemographic characteristics were used for this study. Qualitative variables were given as numbers and percentages (%), and the dataset belonging to quantitative variables that met the normal distribution criteria was given as mean (standard deviation), and data of quantitative variables that did not comply with normality were given as median, IQR, and 95% CI of the median.
Results: There were significant differences between OR nurses and nurse anesthetists regarding job satisfaction (p=0.015) and total SAQ score (p=0.040). Significant differences were detected between men and women participants regarding smoking (p=0.020) and stress recognition (p=0.040). The reliability analysis of the scale was as follows: total (α: 0.791), job satisfaction (α: 0.883), teamwork climate (α: 0.856), safety climate (α: 0.864), perceptions of management (α: 0.881), stress recognition (α: 0.791), and working conditions (α: 0.530).
Conclusion: It was shown that the patient safety attitudes of the healthcare professionals participating in this study are above average, although it is still insufficient, where the stress identification score of the female participant was higher, and it was also found that the nurses’ job satisfaction and SAQ score were higher.