Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Patients with Chest Trauma in 2023 Great Kahramanmaraş Earthquake
1Department of Thoracic Surgery- Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Türkiye
2Department of Radiology, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Türkiye
3Department of Public Health, Yozgat Bozok University, Yozgat, Türkiye
J Clin Pract Res - DOI: 10.14744/cpr.2024.20701

Abstract

Objective: On February 6, 2023, two earthquakes of magnitude 7.8 and 7.6 occurred in Kahramanmaraş,and south and central Turkey and north and west of Syria were affected.The objective of this study is to present the clinical and radiological findings of chesttrauma patients in a significant disaster like an earthquake,aiming to contribute to early diagnosis and intervention in multidisciplinary treatment approaches and thereby reduce mortality and morbidity rates.
Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional type registry research. A total of 6500 patients who applied to Kayseri City Hospital due to the earthquake between February 6, 2023 and February 20, 2023 were retrospectively scanned through medical hospital records. 150 patients with blunt or penetrating chest trauma were included in the study.
Results: Among the 6,500patients screened,chest trauma was identified in 150 cases.The average age was 45.1years.Of the patients, 40.0% arrived at the hospital within 0-1days,while 10.7% arrived after 6 or more days,with the longest duration being 11 days.While 30.7% ofpatients had no rib fractures, 31.3% had fractures on the rightside,10.7% had bilateral fractures, and 23.3% had 5 or more ribfractures.Complications occurred in 61.3%of cases, 69.3% received medical treatment,and 26.7% underwent tube thoracostomy. The patients hospital stays ranged from 0 to 162 days, with an average of 18 days and a median of 11.5 days.
Conclusion:In conclusion, Turkey and its surrounding regions are prone to frequent earthquakes,and similar events are expected in the future. A multidisciplinary patient approach,starting from the emergency department,plays a crucial role,with thoracic surgery being an integral part of this approach.