Background: This case report provides detailed experiences of a patient with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 2A (MEN-2A) who underwent surgery for pheochromocytoma and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC).
Case Report: A 58-year-old male patient with resistant hypertension, despite triple anti-hypertensive drug therapy, was diagnosed with pheochromocytoma after investigation into the underlying etiology. Although the adrenalectomy performed was unilateral rather than bilateral, and there were no signs of Cushing’s syndrome or adrenal insufficiency before the operation, temporary adrenal insufficiency developed after the excision of the large adrenal mass. Additionally, the biochemical diagnosis of MTC was primarily established using a calcium stimulation test (CST) rather than basal cal-citonin levels.
Conclusion: In cases where unilateral adrenalectomy is performed for a large adrenal mass, postoperative hypotension resistant to conservative therapy should raise suspi-cion of adrenal insufficiency. Furthermore, when basal calcitonin levels fall within the gray zone, a CST may be necessary for the diagnosis of MTC.