Evaluation of the Relationship Between Histopathological Findings in Appendectomy Specimens and Enterobius vermicularis Infection
1Department of Parasitology, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Van, Türkiye
2Department of Infectious Pathology, Van Training and Research Hospital, Van, Türkiye
3Department of Histology and Embryology, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Van, Türkiye
J Clin Pract Res 2023; 45(5): 463-470 DOI: 10.14744/cpr.2023.58070
Full Text PDF


Objective: This study aimed to assess the relationship between Enterobius vermicu-laris and appendicitis by determining the frequency of E. vermicularis in appendectomy specimens obtained after a preliminary diagnosis of appendicitis.
Materials and Methods: Retrospective evaluation was conducted on the results of appendectomy specimens examined histopathologically at Van Training and Research Hospital Pathology Laboratory from March 2016 to March 2022. Hematoxylin-eosin stained slides from 7,814 appendectomy specimens were scrutinized for the presence of E. vermicularis, acute inflammation, fecaloid material, lymphoid hyperplasia, oblit-eration, perforation, phlegmonous appendicitis, and peritonitis. Furthermore, slides stained with hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) from patients testing positive for E. vermicularis were re-evaluated by the author in pathology.
Results: E. vermicularis was identified in the appendectomy specimens of 50 (0.64%) out of 7,814 patients who underwent appendectomies. In histopathological examina-tions, the occurrence of lymphoid hyperplasia and fibrous obliteration was higher in E. vermicularis-positive patients compared to those who teste negative. Findings re-vealed that the mean white blood cell count (WBC) was lower in E. vermicularis-positive patients than in negative patients, while the mean eosinophil percentage (EO%) was higher.
Conclusion: These findings imply that although the parasite is not a direct causative factor for appendicitis, it may contribute to the development of factors that result in obstruction in certain cases.